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Flood Safety

By: national weather service
By: national weather service

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TALLAHASSEE FL
512 AM EDT FRI MAR 20 2009

TODAY'S TOPIC FOR NATIONAL FLOOD SAFETY AWARENESS WEEK IS FLOOD SAFETY.

NOAA WEATHER RADIO ALL HAZARDS IS ONE OF THE BEST METHODS TO RECEIVE
FLOOD WARNINGS AND ADVISORIES FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.
THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WEB PAGE...WWW.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS...
PROVIDES FORECASTS AND WARNINGS...AND IDENTIFIES WHERE FLOODING IS
OCCURRING.

FOR EACH RIVER FORECAST LOCATION...FLOOD STAGE AND STAGE ASSOCIATED
WITH EACH OF THE FLOOD SEVERITY CATEGORIES ARE ESTABLISHED IN
COOPERATION WITH LOCAL PUBLIC OFFICIALS. MINOR FLOODING CAUSES
LITTLE OR NO PROPERTY DAMAGE...BUT POSSIBLY SOME PUBLIC THREAT OR
INCONVENIENCE. MODERATE FLOODING CAUSES SOME INUNDATION OF
STRUCTURES AND ROADS NEAR RIVERS AND STREAMS. MAJOR FLOODING CAUSES
EXTENSIVE INUNDATION OF STRUCTURES AND ROADS. IMPACTS VARY FROM ONE
RIVER LOCATION TO ANOTHER BECAUSE A CERTAIN RIVER STAGE OR HEIGHT
IN ONE LOCATION MAY HAVE A DIFFERENT EFFECT THAN THE SAME LEVEL
ABOVE FLOOD STAGE AT ANOTHER LOCATION.

AN AREAL FLOOD IS A RAPID RISE OF LOW VELOCITY WATER THAT INVADES
NORMALLY DRY AREAS THAT CAN POSE A HAZARD TO PEOPLE...PROPERTY AND
VEHICULAR TRAFFIC WITHIN A SHORT TIME PERIOD AND CAN LAST FOR
SEVERAL DAYS. TYPICALLY AREAL FLOODING OCCURS IN RELATIVELY FLAT
CLOSED BASIN AREAS OR OVER WIDESPREAD AREAS WELL BEYOND THE NORMAL
REACH AND EXTENT OF SMALL CREEKS AND STREAMS.

A FLASH FLOOD OCCURS WITHIN SIX HOURS OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...AFTER A
DAM OR LEVEE FAILURE...OR FOLLOWING A SUDDEN RELEASE OF WATER HELD
BY A DEBRIS JAM. FLASH FLOODS CAN CATCH PEOPLE UNPREPARED. YOU WILL
NOT ALWAYS HAVE ADVANCED WARNING THAT THESE SUDDEN DEADLY FLOODS ARE
COMING. SO...IF YOU LIVE IN FLOOD-PRONE AREAS...HAVE A SAFETY PLAN
TO PROTECT YOUR FAMILY AND PROPERTY.

WHEN A FLOOD WATCH IS ISSUED...MOVE YOUR FURNITURE AND VALUABLES TO
THE HIGHER FLOORS OF YOU HOME. FILL YOUR VEHICLE'S GAS TANK...IN
CASE AN EVACUATION NOTICE IS ISSUED.

WHEN A FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED...LISTEN TO NOAA WEATHER RADIO ALL
HAZARDS OR LOCAL MEDIA FOR INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS. IF TOLD TO
EVACUATE...DO SO AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

WHEN A FLASH FLOOD WATCH IS ISSUED...BE ALERT TO SIGNS OF FLASH
FLOODING AND BE PREPARED TO EVACUATE ON A MOMENT'S NOTICE.

WHEN A FLASH FLOOD WARNING IS ISSUED...EVACUATE IMMEDIATELY. ACT
QUICKLY...YOU MAY HAVE ONLY SECONDS TO ESCAPE.

MOVE TO HIGHER GROUND AWAY FROM RIVERS...CREEKS...STREAMS AND STORM
DRAINS. DO NOT DRIVE OR WALK AROUND BARRICADES. THEY ARE THERE FOR
YOUR SAFETY.

NEVER DRIVE OR WALK ACROSS FLOODED ROADWAYS OR SWIFTLY FLOWING
STREAMS. TURN AROUND DON'T DROWN.

INFORMATION ABOUT FLOOD SAFETY AWARENESS WEEK IS AVAILABLE AT
WWW.WEATHER.GOV/FLOODSAFETY/.


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