- July 21...
In 1861, during the Civil War, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Va., resulting in a Confederate victory.
In 1925, the so-called Monkey Trial ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes found guilty of violating state law for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution. The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.
In 1998, astronaut Alan Shepard died in Monterey, Calif., at age 74; actor Robert Young(“Father Knows Best”) died in Westlake Village, Calif., at age 91.