The measure that passed in the House on Wednesday is unlikely go anywhere in the Senate, and the House is unlikely to revisit the issue once the new Republican leadership takes over.
The Dream Act would provide qualified people up to the age of 29 with a path to citizenship if they attend college or join the military, while mandating decades before they could petition for family.
Opponents have said it will hurt Americans at a time when the nation already faces 9.8 percent unemployment.
Some also say the age cap of 29 is too old.
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