Today in History: St. Augustine; Galveston Hurricane; Nixon Pardon; Monster Mash; Star Trek

By: AP
By: AP
On September 8 -
In 1565, a Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed an estimated 8,000 people.
In 1974, President Gerald R. Ford granted an unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon.
In Entertainment history -
In 1962, "Monster Mash" by Bobby "Boris" Pickett made its debut on the charts.
   In 1966, the television series "Star Trek" premiered on NBC. It ran for three years.

Aftermath of the 1900 Galveston Hurricane. The rising ocean ripped an elevated iron railroad trestle from its base and used it like a bulldozer to level much of eastern Galveston. At the time, Galveston rivaled Houston as the largest city in eastern Texas.

Today in History
Today is Sunday, Sept. 8, the 251st day of 2013. There are 114 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:
On September 8,
In 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower announced Italy's surrender; Nazi Germany denounced Italy's decision as a cowardly act.
Also on this date:
In 1761, Britain's King George III married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz just a few hours after meeting her for the first time.
In 1892, an early version of "The Pledge of Allegiance," written by Francis Bellamy, appeared in "The Youth's Companion."
In 1913, the Victor Herbert operetta "Sweethearts" opened on Broadway.
In 1921, Margaret Gorman, 16, of Washington, D.C., was crowned the first "Miss America" in Atlantic City, N.J.
In 1935, Sen. Huey P. Long, D-La., was shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol; he died two days later. (The assailant was identified as Dr. Carl Weiss, who was gunned down by Long's bodyguards.)
In 1941, the 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces began during World War II.
In 1951, a peace treaty with Japan was signed by 49 nations in San Francisco.
In 1988, two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they were the first U.S. weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
In 1994, a USAir Boeing 737 crashed into a ravine as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.
In 2003, the Recording Industry Association of America, the music industry's largest trade group, filed 261 copyright lawsuits across the country against Internet users for trading songs online. Nazi-era filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl (LEH'-nee REEF'-en-stahl) died in Poecking, Germany, at age 101.

In Entertainment History –
On September 8th,
In 1966, the sitcom "That Girl," starring Marlo Thomas, premiered on ABC.
In 1977, musician Jimmy McColloch left Wings to join the re-formed lineup of Small Faces.
In 1991, actor Gene Wilder married Karen Webb, a hearing specialist he met on the set of the movie "See No Evil, Hear No Evil."
In 1991, guitarist Steve Clark of Def Leppard was found dead in the living room of his home in London. He was 30. A coronor found Clark died after a night of heavy drinking combined with drug use.
In 1992, actress Mary Tyler Moore got a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
In 2002, singer Gordon Lightfoot was rushed to the hospital suffering from a weakened blood vessel in his abdomen. He spent three months in the hospital.
In 2012, a man carrying a pair of scissors was arrested outside Miley Cyrus' house in Los Angeles and threw himself against a wall like he was trying to break in. Jason Luis Rivera was later convicted of trespassing.

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