On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland to start World War 11.
Today in History
Today is Sunday, Sept. 1, the 244th day of 2013. There are 121 days left in the year.
On this date:
In 1715, following a reign of 72 years, King Louis XIV of France died four days before his 77th birthday.
In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr was found not guilty of treason. (Burr was then tried on a misdemeanor charge, but was again acquitted.)
In 1902, the Georges Melies (meh-lee-EHZ') short film "Le Voyage dans la lune" (A Trip to the Moon) opened in France.
In 1913, the play "Androcles and the Lion" by George Bernard Shaw had its British debut at the St. James's Theatre in London (it had previously been performed in Berlin).
In 1932, New York City Mayor James J. "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigned following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.
In 1942, U.S. District Court Judge Martin I. Welsh, ruling from Sacramento, Calif., on a lawsuit brought by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of Fred Korematsu, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.
In 1951, the United States, Australia and New Zealand signed a mutual defense pact, the ANZUS treaty.
In 1961, the Soviet Union ended a moratorium on atomic testing with an above-ground nuclear explosion in central Asia. A TWA Lockheed Constellation crashed shortly after takeoff from Chicago's Midway Airport, killing all 78 people on board.
In 1972, American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik (RAY'-kyuh-vik), Iceland, as Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union resigned before the resumption of Game 21. An arson fire at the Blue Bird Cafe in Montreal, Canada, claimed 37 lives.
In 1993, Louis Freeh was sworn in as director of the FBI.
In 2008, Jerry Lewis raised a record $65 million for the Muscular Dystrophy Association in his annual Labor Day telethon. Country singer-actor Jerry Reed died in Nashville at age 71. Voiceover artist Don LaFontaine, whose distinctive baritone graced innumerable movie trailers, died in Los Angeles at age 68.
In 2012, Lyricist Hal David, 91, who teamed with Burt Bacharach on dozens of timeless songs for movies, television and a variety of recording artists in the 1960s and beyond, died in Los Angeles.
In Entertainment history -
In 1967, guitarist and vocalist Boz Scaggs joined The Steve Miller Band. Scaggs and Miller had met in high school in Dallas.
In 1977, Blondie signed with Chrysalis Records.
Today's Birthdays: Former Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird is 91. Actor George Maharis is 85. Singer Archie Bell is 69. Singer Barry Gibb is 67. Talk show host Dr. Phil McGraw is 63. Singer Gloria Estefan is 56.