Today in History
Today is Sunday, May 12, the 132nd day of 2013. There are 233 days left in the year. This is Mother's Day.
On May 12, 1943, the two-week Trident Conference, headed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, opened in Washington.
On this date:
In 1780, during the Revolutionary War, the besieged city of Charleston, S.C., surrendered to British forces.
In 1870, an act creating the Canadian province of Manitoba was given royal assent, to take effect in July.
In 1933, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration were established to provide help for the needy and farmers.
In 1937, Britain's King George VI was crowned at Westminster Abbey; his wife, Elizabeth, was crowned as queen consort.
In 1958, the United States and Canada signed an agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command (later the North American Aerospace Defense Command, or NORAD).
In 1963, Betty Miller became the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean as she landed her Piper Apache in Brisbane, Australia, having left Oakland, Calif., on April 30, making three stopovers along the way.
In 1970, the Senate voted unanimously to confirm Harry A. Blackmun as a Supreme Court justice.
In 1982, in Fatima, Portugal, security guards overpowered a Spanish priest armed with a bayonet who attacked Pope John Paul II. (In 2008, the pope's longtime private secretary revealed that the pontiff was slightly wounded in the assault.)
In 2002, Jimmy Carter arrived in Cuba, becoming the first U.S. president in or out of office to visit since the 1959 revolution that put Fidel Castro in power.
Ten years ago: Suicide bombers attacked foreigners' housing compounds in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 25 victims. A suicide truck-bomb attack killed at least 60 at a government compound in northern Chechnya. L. Paul Bremer, the new American civilian administrator of Iraq, arrived in Baghdad; coalition forces announced they had taken custody of Dr. Rihab Rashid Taha (TAH'-hah), the Iraqi scientist known as "Dr. Germ." (Taha was later released after no charges were brought.) The Texas House ground to a standstill after 51 Democratic lawmakers left the state in a dispute over a Republican congressional redistricting plan. (The Democrats returned four days later from Oklahoma, having succeeded in killing the bill.)
Five years ago: A devastating earthquake in China's Sichuan province killed some 70,000 people. Nearly 400 workers were arrested in an immigration raid at a kosher meatpacking plant in Postville, Iowa. Irena Sendler, credited with saving some 2,500 Jewish children from the Holocaust, died in Warsaw, Poland, at age 98. Pop artist Robert Rauschenberg died on Captiva Island, Fla, at age 82. Indians second baseman Asdrubal Cabrera turned the 14th unassisted triple play in major league history during the second game of a doubleheader against Toronto. NBC announced that Jimmy Fallon would succeed Conan O'Brien as host of "Late Night."
One year ago: At least 100,000 Spaniards angered by grim economic prospects and the political handling of the international financial crisis turned out for street demonstrations, marking the one-year anniversary of a spontaneous movement that inspired similar protests elsewhere. Miami's LeBron James became the eighth player in NBA history to win the MVP award three times.
In 1960, Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley traded duets on their hit songs "Witchcraft" and "Love Me Tender" during an ABC special.
In 1963, Bob Dylan refused to appear on the "Ed Sullivan Show" because CBS would not allow him to sing "Talking John Birch Society Blues."
In 1964, Peter, Paul and Mary won a Grammy Award for the song "Blowin' In The Wind." "Deep Purple" by Nino Tempo and April Stevens won the Best Rock and Roll Recording award.
In 1971, Mick Jagger married Bianca Perez Morena de Macias in St. Tropez, France. Guests included other members of the Rolling Stones, plus Eric Clapton, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and Stephen Stills. They are now divorced.
In 1975, Jefferson Starship gave a free concert in New York's Central Park. The band and a New York radio station ended up paying $14,000 for damages and park cleanup.
In 1981, The Who's first album without Keith Moon, "Face Dances," went gold, but was considered a disappointment, even to the band itself.
In 1991, the "Kurd Aid" concert to benefit Kurdish refugees was held in London. Chris de Burgh and Peter Gabriel were among the artists participating in the show.
In 1992, "Brady Bunch" star Robert Reed died of colon cancer at the age of 59. It was later revealed that the AIDS virus contributed to his death.
In 2002, singer Dionne Warwick was arrested at Miami's airport after baggage screeners said they found marijuana in her lipstick container. The charges were dropped after Warwick agreed to a drug treatment program.