Ferdinand Magellan is credited as the first explorer whose crew circumnavigated the globe. Magellan himself did not survive the voyage.
Today in History
Today is Sunday, March 16, the 75th day of 2014. There are 290 days left in the year.
On March 15 -
In A.D. 37, Roman emperor Tiberius died; he was succeeded by Caligula.
In 1802, President Thomas Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
In 1935, Adolf Hitler decided to break the military terms set by the Treaty of Versailles (vehr-SY') by ordering the rearming of Germany.
In 1945, during World War II, American forces declared they had secured Iwo Jima, although pockets of Japanese resistance remained.
In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson sent Congress the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 as part of his War on Poverty. (The measure was passed by Congress, and was signed by Johnson in August 1964.)
In 1984, William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by terrorists (he was tortured by his captors and killed in 1985).
In 2004, China declared victory in its fight against bird flu, saying it had "stamped out" all its known cases. Five years ago:
In 2009, actress Natasha Richardson, 45, was fatally injured in a skiing accident at a resort in Quebec; she died two days later at a Manhattan hospital.
Today's Birthdays: Comedian-director Jerry Lewis is 88. Country singer Ray Walker (The Jordanaires) is 80. Singer-songwriter Jerry Jeff Walker is 72. Country singer Robin Williams is 67. Actress Kate Nelligan is 63. Country singer Ray Benson (Asleep at the Wheel) is 63. Rock singer-musician Nancy Wilson (Heart) is 60. World Golf Hall of Famer Hollis Stacy is 60.
In entertainment history, on March 16 –
In 1969, "1776," a musical about the Declaration of Independence, opened on Broadway
In 1970, singer Tammi Terrell died of a brain tumor in Philadelphia at age 24. The tumor was diagnosed three years earlier when she collapsed during a concert.
In 1971, Simon and Garfunkel were the first winners of the so-called "Triple Crown" of the Grammys. "Bridge Over Troubled Water" was named song and record of the year, and the album by the same name won album of the year. It was also the first year the Grammys were televised live.
In 2005, actor Robert Blake was acquitted of murdering his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley (BAYK'-lee). He was later found liable in a civil court and ordered to pay her children $30 million.
In 2006, Michael Jackson paid hundreds of thousands of dollars to employees at his Neverland Ranch in California, then shut down the ranch. He paid them back wages to avoid a lawsuit threatened by California officials.