The front of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC. Completed in 1935, the US Supreme Court building in Washington, DC, is the first to have been built specifically for the purpose, inspiring Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes to remark, �The Republic endures and this is the symbol of its faith.� The Court was established in 1789 and initially met in New York City. When the national capital moved to Philadelphia, the Court moved with it, before moving to the permanent capital of Washington, DC, in 1800. Congress lent the Court space in the new Capitol building, and it was to change its meeting place several more times over the next century, even convening for a short period in a private house after the British set fire to the Capitol during the War of 1812. The classical Corinthian architectural style was chosen to harmonize with nearby congressional buildings, and the scale of the massive marble building reflects the significance and dignity of the judiciary as a co-equal, independent branch of government. The main entrance is on the west side, facing the Capitol. On either side of the main steps are figures sculpted by James Earle Fraser. On the left is the female Contemplation of Justice. On the right is the male Guardian or Authority of Law. On the architrave above the pediment is the motto �Equal Justice under Law.� Capping the entrance is a group representing Liberty Enthroned, guarded by Order and Authority, sculpted by Robert Aitken. At the west entrance are marble figures sculpted by Hermon A. MacNeil. They represent great law givers Moses, Confucius, and Solon, flanked by Means of Enforcing the Law, Tempering Justice with Mercy, Settlement of Disputes between States, and Maritime and other functions of the Supreme Court. The architrave carries the motto �Justice the Guardian of Liberty.� The interior of the building is equally filled with symbolic ornamentation. The main corridor is known as the Great Hall and contains double rows of marble columns
The 2000 election for President of the United States of America was a closely contested race; even weeks after the votes had been cast. It took nearly a month for the US Supreme Court to announce a decision on the election, the results of which are still called into question by a few to this day.
The 2000 election was between Republican Candidate George W. Bush and Democratic Candidate Al Gore.
The results were close, and although Gore had a higher number of popular votes, Bush led in the electoral vote. However, the small margin of votes in the state of Florida triggered a mandatory recount. A few counties in Florida had multiple recounts and legal challenges, which led all the way to the Supreme Court.
In a 5-4 decision that was released on December 12, 2000, the Supreme Court's decision allowed the Florida Secretary of State to certify the previous results that would give Bush 25 electoral votes. This pushed Bush over the threshold to victory with 271 electoral votes.