This Day in History: GOES Satellite Launches (October 16th, 1975)

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They've become a crucial and important part of weather monitoring, tracking and forecasting and the first satellite of its kind launched in 1975.

They've become a crucial and important part of weather monitoring, tracking and forecasting and the first satellite of its kind launched in 1975.

Weather satellites began to be used by the United States of America in the 1960s with TIROS and Nimbus, but would be succeeded by the GEOS satellite, the first of which was launched on October 16th, 1975.

Short for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, GEOS-1, was launched into orbit aboard a Delta rocket on that day. It was launched into a special geostationary orbit, which allows the satellite to stay above a certain part of the earth. This allows these satellites to stay in constant communication and to keep an eye on a particular position of the Earth.

The GEOS-1 had special instruments to send back satellite data with or without sunlight. The first GEOS satellite remained operation until 1985.

The GEOS program continues to this day, with four more advanced satellites currently in use. The next-generation of GEOS is under development as well.


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