Today in History -
Today is Sunday, March 23, the 82nd day of 2014. There are 283 days left in the year.
Today March 23 in History:
In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy.
In 1933, the German Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act, which effectively granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers.
In 1942, the first Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, Calif.
In 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic.
In 1983, President Ronald Reagan first proposed developing technology to intercept incoming enemy missiles -- an idea that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative.
In 1994, Aeroflot Flight 593, an Airbus A310, crashed in Siberia with the loss of all 75 people on board; it turned out the teenage son of a pilot who was allowed to sit at the controls accidentally disengaged the autopilot, causing the jetliner to plunge to the ground. Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexico's leading presidential candidate, was assassinated during a rally in Tijuana. Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe's National Hockey League career record with his 802nd goal.
In 2010, President Barack Obama signed a $938 billion health care overhaul, declaring "a new season in America."
In 2004, a federal commission concluded that Clinton and Bush administration officials had engaged in lengthy, ultimately fruitless diplomatic efforts instead of military action to try to get Osama bin Laden before the 9/11 attacks; top Bush officials countered that the terror attacks would have occurred even if the United States had killed the al-Qaida leader. A report by Medicare trustees said that without changes, the federal health care program would go broke by 2019, seven years earlier than expected.
In 2009, the Obama administration unveiled a plan to take over up to $1 trillion in sour mortgage securities with the help of private investors; Wall Street responded by hurtling the Dow Jones industrials upward nearly 500 points. Japan defended its 2006 World Baseball Classic title with a 5-3 win over South Korea at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.
On March 23 in entertainment history –
In 1914, the first installment of "The Perils of Pauline," the legendary silent film serial starring Pearl White, premiered at theaters in the greater New York City area, including movie houses in New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts.
In 1950, the best picture of Academy Award went to "All The King's Men." Broderick Crawford was named best actor. The best song Oscar went to "Mona Lisa."
In 1964, actor Peter Lorre, 59, died in Los Angeles.
In 1978, The Police got a deal with A&M Records.
In 1985, singer Billy Joel and model Christie Brinkley got married in New York City. They divorced after just a few years.
In 1987, the first Soul Train Music Awards were held in Santa Monica, California. Cameo won album of the year for "Word Up," and Gregory Abbott won best single for "Shake You Down."
In 1991, Elton John joined George Michael on stage for a duet of "Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me." It was recorded and released as a single.
In 1993, "Across The Boderline," Willie Nelson's 35th album for Columbia Records, was released.