Marie Curie was a pioneering researcher in the fields of chemistry and physics and led the way in research into materials that gave off radiation.
Born in Poland in 1867, Marie Skłodowska later attended school in France, where she would do much of her research. She would marry her husband there, Pierre Curie and later have a daughter, Irene.
Curie discovered two elements, the first polonium, named after her homeland of Poland. The second was radium. She is also credited with coining the term radioactivity.
In 1903, Marie Curie became the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, along with her husband another scientist, for her research and work with radiation. After her husband's death, Curie would also become the first woman to be a professor at the University of Paris.
During World War I, she assisted victims of the war with mobile X-Ray units. She would pass away in 1934 from symptoms brought on by radiation poisoning.