An icon of the modern-day Civil Rights movement was born on February 4th, 1913.
Later...on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give her seat at the front of a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama to a white man. Parks declined to move in defiance of local laws, which ordered blacks to sit at the back of the bus. Parks was subsequently arrested for her personal protest of bus segregation laws.
The arrest sparked a yearlong boycott of the city transit system by the black community. This act was a violation of an Alabama statute discouraging organized boycotting. The leader of the then-forming civil rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, jr., was later found guilty of orchestrating the Montgomery bus boycott.
The Supreme Court eventually ruled the law that required blacks to sit toward the rear of buses unconstitutional in April 1956.