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Day in History: Poisoned Roman Emperor; US Navy Origins; 1960 Debates; Surviving Andes Plane Crash

Today in History
Today is Sunday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2013. There are 79 days left in the year.
On Oct. 13 -
In 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.
In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
In 1843, the Jewish organization B'nai B'rith (buh-NAY' brith) was founded in New York City.
In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington.
In 1944, American troops entered Aachen, Germany, during World War II.
In 1962, Edward Albee's searing four-character drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opened on Broadway with Arthur Hill as George, Uta Hagen as Martha, George Grizzard as Nick and Melinda Dillon (whose 23rd birthday it was) as Honey.
In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak (HAHS'-nee moo-BAH'-rahk) the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.
In 2008, on Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average gained a shocking 936 points after eight days of losses.

In entertainment history, on Oct. 13 –

In 1965, The Who recorded "My Generation" in London.
In 1975, musician Neil Young underwent surgery in Los Angeles to have a growth removed from his vocal cords.
In 1980, AC/DC's "Back In Black" album went platinum.
In 1985, guitarist Ricky Wilson of The B-52's died of complications from AIDS. He was 32.
In 1992, the Supreme Court decided not to reinstate lawsuits alleging that Ozzy Osbourne's music prompted the suicides of a Georgia teen and a South Carolina teen.
In 1995, rapper Tupac Shakur (TOO'-pahk shah-KOOR') was released after spending eight months in jail for groping and fondling a woman in a New York hotel room.
In 2002, ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard had emergency surgery for appendicitis in Paris. ZZ Top continued to tour with a replacement, the first time they used a replacement since they formed in 1969.


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