President Bush has nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers to the Supreme Court.
The vacancy is being created by the retirement of Sandra Day O'Connor.
Bush says Miers will be what he calls an "outstanding addition" to the high court, which could be reshaped for years to come.
Miers is a 60-year-old Texan. If confirmed by the Senate, she'll be the third woman to serve on the nation's highest court. O'Connor and current Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg are the other two.
The presidential selection has never been a judge. She was the first woman to serve as president of the Texas State Bar and the Dallas Bar Association.