Rewriting Twain to make Novels "More Acceptable"

By: Associated Press
By: Associated Press

MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - A new edition of Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" and "Tom Sawyer" plans to replace the N-word with "slave" in an effort not to offend readers.

Twain scholar Alan Gribben is working with NewSouth Books in Alabama to publish a combined volume of the books in February. He
says the N-word appears 219 times in "Huck Finn" and four times
in "Tom Sawyer."

Gribben says he has used "slave" instead of the N-word at public readings and found audiences to be more accepting.

Other Twain scholars blasted his decision and Gribben has received a flood of hateful e-mail accusing him of desecrating the novels.

Twain scholar Stephen Railton, a University of Virginia professor, said Gribben was well respected, but called the new version a terrible idea.

(Copyright 2011 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)

AP-NY-01-04-11 2014EST


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