On July 28:
In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.
In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
In 1959, in preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Republican Hiram L. Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Democrat Daniel K. Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1973, the Summer Jam at Watkins Glen took place in upstate New York.
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
In 1990, political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in for his first term as president of Peru.
In 2002, nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek (KYOO'-kreek) Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.
In entertainment history -
On July 28th, 1957, Jerry Lee Lewis made his television debut on "The Steve Allen Show."
In 1970, the movie "Ned Kelly" opened. It starred Mick Jagger in the title role.
In 1973, one of the biggest rock festivals at the time took place in Watkins Glen, New York. About 600,000 people came to see The Grateful Dead, the Allman Brothers and The Band.
In 1996, singer Marguerite Ganser Dorste of The Shangri-Las died of breast cancer in New York. She was 48.
In 1997, singer Sheena Easton married documentary director Timothy Delarm in Las Vegas. She filed for divorce less than a year later.
In 2000, Kathie Lee Gifford hosted her last broadcast of "Live With Regis and Kathie Lee."
In 2006, Mel Gibson was arrested for drunk driving. The police report says Gibson screamed obscenities and derogatory things about Jewish people.