The front of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC. Completed in 1935, the US Supreme Court building in Washington, DC, is the first to have been built specifically for the purpose, inspiring Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes to remark, �The Republic endures and this is the symbol of its faith.� The Court was established in 1789 and initially met in New York City. When the national capital moved to Philadelphia, the Court moved with it, before moving to the permanent capital of Washington, DC, in 1800. Congress lent the Court space in the new Capitol building, and it was to change its meeting place several more times over the next century, even convening for a short period in a private house after the British set fire to the Capitol during the War of 1812. The classical Corinthian architectural style was chosen to harmonize with nearby congressional buildings, and the scale of the massive marble building reflects the significance and dignity of the judiciary as a co-equal, independent branch of government. The main entrance is on the west side, facing the Capitol. On either side of the main steps are figures sculpted by James Earle Fraser. On the left is the female Contemplation of Justice. On the right is the male Guardian or Authority of Law. On the architrave above the pediment is the motto �Equal Justice under Law.� Capping the entrance is a group representing Liberty Enthroned, guarded by Order and Authority, sculpted by Robert Aitken. At the west entrance are marble figures sculpted by Hermon A. MacNeil. They represent great law givers Moses, Confucius, and Solon, flanked by Means of Enforcing the Law, Tempering Justice with Mercy, Settlement of Disputes between States, and Maritime and other functions of the Supreme Court. The architrave carries the motto �Justice the Guardian of Liberty.� The interior of the building is equally filled with symbolic ornamentation. The main corridor is known as the Great Hall and contains double rows of marble columns
The Supreme Court takes up an affirmative action case that could change the college admissions process for colleges across the nation.
The Justices will look at a Michigan law that bans the consideration of race in admissions.
The ban was passed in 2006, to ban public universities from giving minorities’ preferential treatment.
Jennifer Gratz campaigned for the ban nearly 20 years ago, when she was rejected while minorities with lower GPA’s were accepted.
Last year, a federal court ruled the ban unconstitutional.
Michigan's Attorney General Bill Schuette, wants the high court to keep it in place.
"Its fundamentally wrong to treat people differently based on the color of your skin,” said Schuette.
Opponents say it damages diversity.
ACLU Attorney, Mark Rosenbaum said, “Essentially you have a homogenous student body racially and that hurts all of us."
Five other states have similar bans.
The justices are expected to rule next year.
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