Today in History
Today is Sunday, March 30, the 89th day of 2014. There are 276 days left in the year.
On March 30 -
In 1135, the Jewish philosopher Maimonides was born in Cordoba in present-day Spain.
In 1822, Florida became a United States territory.
In 1870, the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibited denying citizens the right to vote and hold office on the basis of race, was declared in effect by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish. Texas was readmitted to the Union.
In 1909, the Queensboro Bridge, linking the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Queens, opened.
In 1923, the Cunard liner RMS Laconia became the first passenger ship to circle the globe as it arrived in New York.
In 1945, the Soviet Union invaded Austria during World War II.
In 1959, a narrowly divided U.S. Supreme Court, in Bartkus v. Illinois, ruled that a conviction in state court following an acquittal in federal court for the same crime did not constitute double jeopardy.
In 1964, John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for the U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall.
In 2002, Britain's Queen Mother Elizabeth died at Royal Lodge, Windsor, outside London; she was 101 years old.
In entertainment history, on March 30 –
In 1978, Paul Simonon (SIM'-uh-nin) and Topper Headon of The Clash were arrested in London for shooting pigeons from the roof of a rehearsal hall.
In 1983, a jury in Santa Monica, California, decided that Groucho Marx's companion, Eric Fleming, had defrauded the late comedian. The Marx Estate was awarded nearly half a million dollars, but the amount was later reduced to $221,000.
In 1986, actor James Cagney died at his farm in Stanfordville, New York, at age 86.
In 1992, "The Silence of the Lambs" won five Academy Awards, including best picture. Stars Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins won the best actress and actor awards. "Beauty and the Beast" won best original song and score.
In 1999, model Fabio was injured while riding a roller coaster as a goose flew into his face in Williamsburg, Virginia.
In 2004, British-born American broadcaster Alistair Cooke died in New York at age 95.
In 2007, Bono of U2 was knighted in an informal ceremony at the Dublin home of a British ambassador.
In 2013, Phil Ramone, 79, the masterful award-winning engineer, arranger and producer, died in New York
Thought for Today: "In the best of times, our days are numbered anyway. So it would be a crime against nature for any generation to take the world crisis so solemnly that it put off enjoying those things for which we were designed in the first place: the opportunity to do good work, to enjoy friends, to fall in love, to hit a ball, and to bounce a baby." -- Alistair Cooke (1908-2004).