Three federal appeals judges today questioned whether it's permissible for a 5,200 pound Ten Commandments monument to remain in the state Supreme Court building.
The case is important because it could determine when and where religion is allowed in government.
The judges asked attorney Herb Titus if the monument was effectively advancing a specific Christian religion through the government.
Titus represents Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who sneaked the monument in at night two summers ago.
Titus says the First Amendment only prohibits Congress from making laws about the establishment of religion. He says it doesn't say anything about a judge putting a monument in his courthouse.
But attorney Ayesha Khan argues that Moore represents the government and a specific religion.
She says Moore is trying to push the Ten Commandments down the public's throat.
The judges of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals will take between a few weeks and several months to rule.
Both sides said they would appeal if they lose.